persian gulf.sinus persicus.percy golf. pars sea

The Parthian of persia

The Parthian Empire


Parthia Map Coverage The Parthian Empire is a fascinating period of Persian history closely connected to Greece and Rome. Ruling from 247 B.C. to A.D. 228 in ancient Persia (Iran), the Parthians defeated Alexander the Great's successors, the Seleucids, conquered most of the Middle East and southwest Asia, controlled the Silk Road and built Parthia into an Eastern superpower. The Parthian empire revived the greatness of the Achaemenid empire and counterbalanced Rome's hegemony in the West. Parthia at one time occupied areas now in Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaidzhan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Israel.

Behistan 

 Kish Island

 

The Old Persian Language

Linguistically, Old Persian is part of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian or Aryan group which is one of the main divisions of the Indo-European family of languages.


The Old Persian Script
The Script used in the Old Persian inscriptions is of the Cuneiform type: that is, the characters are made of strokes which can be impressed upon soft materials by a stylus with an angled end. The Old Persian inscriptions, were imitations made on hard materials by engraving tools of the strokes impressed on soft materials.

The very first published inscription was given by Chardin in 1711 of the Darius the Great inscription at Persepolis.

http://www.iranica.com/articlenavigation/alphabetical/bodya.html

3: AÚB i. , Concept of water in ancient Iran , Boyce, M.

4: AÚB ii. , Water in Muslim Iranian culture , Poonawala, I.

5: AÚB iii. , Hydrology and water resources of Iranian plateau , Beaumont, P.

6: AÚB-ANBAÚR , ,

7: AÚB-ANBAÚR i. , Water reservoir: history , Holod, R.

8: AÚB-ANBAÚR ii. , Water reservoir: construction , Sotuda, M.

9: AÚB-E DEZ , River in Kuzestan , Gaube, H.

10: AÚB-E GARM , Hot springs of Persia , Ehlers, E